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Multinational companies have been doing business in China for over 25 years, with their presence and manning of their operations varying over time. Some mistakes of managing businesses are strikingly common and detrimental. This book explores those mistakes providing guidance that will help readers become more conscious and avoid repeating them.
This book considers the impact of multinational companies in China on the Chinese economy and on indigenous firms in China. It shows how the global business environment has undergone profound changes since the early 1990s, leading to an explosion of merger and acquisitions activity and consequent unprecedented degrees of concentration in many industries at a global level. It discusses the effects of these developments on the Chinese economy – both on multinationals and indigenous firms – analysing company strategies, activities and value chain structures. It shows that, as China’s integration into the global economy increases, new, globalised value chain structures are becoming the established norm across the Chinese economy. In particular, it explores the effects of these developments for local Chinese firms, where the strategy of "catch-up" has recently been a primary goal, demonstrating how difficult it is for Chinese firms to achieve "catch-up" when the competitors they are chasing are themselves moving forward and evolving so fast. The book includes detailed case studies of Boeing, Wal-Mart and Coco-Cola, considering their activities both at the global level and within China, and case studies of the sectors in which these forms operate in China. The book’s profoundly important conclusions concerning the impact of multinationals on the local economy and on indigenous firms are applicable to other developing economies as well as to China.
Seminar paper from the year 2017 in the subject Business economics - General, grade: 1.0, EBC University Düsseldorf, language: English, abstract: The growing interdependence of countries and internationalization of companies is one of the most extensively discussed topics of the last decades. Not only international trade has risen strongly, but also foreign direct investments (FDI) have been increasingly conducted by expanding companies worldwide. Companies widening their range by seizing opportunities internationally are most likely able to fuel their growth, whereas the position of organizations that only operate nationally is continuously weakened. Therefore, especially big multinational corporations from developed countries, like Nestle or Unilever, strive to steadily expand their global presence in order to thrive in a highly competitive global market. Whereas emerging countries, like China or India, are popular to invest in for MNCs, internationalization is increasingly including companies from those developing nations as well. Additionally, those Emerging Market Multinationals (EMNCs) are not only gaining power on an international level but are also becoming effective local competitors for multinationals in their home markets. Hence, losing their market shares to the local competition, MNCs are forced to rethink their strategy in emerging markets. According to the new challenges, multinationals have to face in developing markets the following paper aims to analyze the competitive environment in emerging countries and thus derive promising approaches for MNCs to successfully stabilize their position. The analysis will be based on a theoretical background, including the description of general reasons for internationalization, foreign direct investments as an entry mode as well as the “Being International Strategies” according to Bartlett/Ghoshal (1989) and broader relevant models. Afterwards, the current situation and competitive environment in emerging markets will be outlined. The analysis itself will be conducted on the example of Nestlé in the Chinese market in order to further assess MNCs’ position in developing countries. After giving a short company introduction, the Chinese food processing industry, as well as Nestlé's internationalization strategy, will be examined. In order to further assess the company`s position and performance in China Porter’s 5 forces framework will be applied. To conclude, general implications for the competitive situation in emerging markets and MNC’s strategies as well as an evaluation of Nestlé’s position in China are derived and outlined.
Inhaltsangabe:Abstract: In recent years, China and India have become two of the most important markets in terms of sales, low-cost manufacturing and R&D operations. The future progress will increase the competitive advantage for both countries and attract MNC s from all over the world to invest. Nevertheless, success is not guaranteed, even with the large business opportunities that China and India provide. A MNC has to be aware of various challenges that both countries pose, such as government interventions, underdeveloped infrastructures or copyright violations. Hence, MNC s need efficient strategies in order to compete and improve their position in these markets. Particularly the implementation of an efficient innovation and knowledge strategy has become a crucial aspect. Effectiveness in local product adjustments, globalizing R&D, tailoring talent management, mastering the complexity of global value chains, and managing risks are success factors that have to be considered. This, however, is not an easy task. Multiple failures of MNC s in China and India demonstrate that it is important to adapt a company s strategy to the local customer needs and to obtain a competitive advantage in the field of innovation. The purpose of this master thesis is to discuss all these aspects and present crucial factors for the implementation of an efficient strategy for the two markets China and India, with a focus on innovation and knowledge. Obviously, there are limits to the scope of this dissertation. Some aspects as for example the cultural background of both countries, governmental restrictions, the role of outsourcing or the availability of financial resources have either not been considered or are only discussed briefly. Moreover, this dissertation will only provide a general overview as the business environment of MNC s in each market will differ. Introduction: In the last 10 to 20 years the term emerging market has become very important in the international business context because countries such as China or India grew heavily and created new, enormous market segments. Companies from all over the world are seeking to do business in economically developing countries because of their great potential. Gross domestic product (GDP) per capita figures exceeding 10 per cent a year, a business environment of over five billion people (approximately 80 per cent of the global population), a growing domestic customer group of wealthy people, excellently educated [...]
Under the label of "the socialist market economy with Chinese characteristics," the Chinese Government has made a firm commitment to economic reform, though still retaining tight political control. Thus, under conditions of liberal economic systems and autocratic rule, a new capitalist system is emerging in China; its top companies are managed by private entrepreneurs, government bodies or a combination of both. This book, presented in an easily accessible format, fills an important gap in the growing literature on China in the global economy and provides a research reference tool on China's top companies. It contains a comprehensive directory listing of the Top 100 corporations in China, thus enhancing the research potential on China for students, researchers and businesses is alike. As a general reference guide to the Chinese economy, A Guide to the Top 100 Companies in China provides up-to-date and comprehensive coverage of the top Chinese enterprises. Corporations from Hong Kong and Taiwan that conduct significant business in China are also included.

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