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This training guide introduces development practitioners, policy analysts, and students to social accounting matrices (SAMs) and their use in policy analysis. There are already a number of books that explain the System of National Accounts and SAM multipliers-some of these are recommended at the end of this training guide. However, most books tend to be quite technical and move quickly from an introduction to more complex applications. By contrast, this guidebook uses a series of hands-on exercises to gradually introduce SAMs and multiplier analysis. It therefore complements more theoretical SAM and multiplier literature and provides a first step for development practitioners and students wishing to understand the strengths and limitations of these economic tools. It is also useful for policy analysts and researchers embarking on more complex SAM-based methodologies. One such methodology is computable general equilibrium (CGE) modeling, for which IFPRI has also developed a series of introductory exercises and a standard modeling framework.To download the exercises, go to www.ifpri.org/publication/social-accounting-matrices-and-multiplier-analysis
International Economics is one of the most important and dynamic disciplines of economics. The subject has become all the more complex and interesting because of the interesting because of the intricacies involved in economic factors, international relations, and the socio-economic environment. This book captures all the recent developments in the international economics and business scenario. The contents of the book are divided into four parts. The first part contains - International Economics and Trade, Analytical Tools of International Economics, Theory of Comparative Costs, Modern Theories of International Trade, Hechscher- Ohlin Theory and Gains from International Trade. The second part includes-International Trade and Economic Development, Terms of Trade, Tariffs and International Trade, Contribution of Economic Growth to International Trade, Analysis of Growth Parameters, Free Trade vs. Protection, Non-Tariff Trade Barriers - Quota System, Dumping and State Trading. The third part comprises - Balance of Payments, Foreign Trade Multiplier, Monetary Policy-Fiscal Policy Mix and Foreign Exchange Management. The Fourth part includes - Strategy Towards Globalization, Theory of Economic Integration; Customs Union, Theory of Economic Integration: Regional Blocs and Grouping, WTO Framework, International Financial Institutions, GATS and National Income Determination. The book has a special section on Case pertaining to International Economics and International Business. The book has been written in a clear, crisp and lucid style. Authentic (up-to-date) data and proper illustrations have been provided to facilitate proper understanding of the subject. This book has been designed keeping in view the standard requirements of the undergraduate and postgraduate students of various areas of Economics, International Business and Management.
The Book Is Meant For The Students Pursuing A Beginners' Course In Electronics. Current Syllabi Of Basic Electronics Included In Physics (Honours) Curriculum Of Different Universities And Those Offered In Various Engineering And Technical Institutions Have Been Consulted In Preparing The Material Contained Herein.In 22 Chapters, The Book Deals With Formation Of Energy Bands In Solids; Electron Emission From Solid Surfaces; Vacuum Tubes; Properties Of Semiconductors; Pn Junction Diodes; Rectifiers; Voltage Multipliers; Clipping And Clamping Circuits; Bipolar Junction Transistors; Basic Voltage And Poweramplifiers; Feedback In Amplifiers; Regulated Power Supply; Sinusoidal Oscillators; Multivibrators; Modulation And Demodulation; Jfet And Mosfet; Ics; Op Amps; Special Semiconductor Devices, Such As Phototransistor, Scr, Triac, Diac, Ujt, Impatt Diode, Gunn Diode, Pin Diode, Igbt; Digital Circuits; Cathode Ray Oscilloscope; Radio Communication; Television; Radar And Laser.Fundamental Principles And Applications Are Discussed Herein With Explanatory Diagrams In A Clear Concise Way.Physical Aspects Are Emphasized; Mathematical Details Are Given, When Necessary. Many Of The Problems And Review Questions Included In The Book Are Taken From Recent Examination Papers. Some Objective-Type Questions Typically Set In Different Competitive Examinations Are Also Given At The End Of Each Chapter.Salient Features: * Small Geometry Effects And Effects Of Interconnects Included In Chapter 18. * A Quick Discussion On Fibre Optic Communication System In Chapter 22. * Revised And Updated To Cope With The Current Syllabii Of Some More Universities And Technical Institutions. * Chapters 6, 8, 16, 18, And 22 Have Been Changed With The Addition Of New Material. * Some More University Questions And Problems Have Been Included.
Meant for the undergraduate students of electrical and electronics engineering this text on "Linear Integrated Circuits and Op Amps" covers the entire syllabus of the subject. Written in a simple and student friendly language, it will help in building strong foundation in the principles of linear integrated circuits. Features Strong focus on the design aspects of Integrated circuits. Descriptive mathematical examples for practical situations given while designing circuits Individual chapters devoted to Non Linear Circuits, Multipliers and Special function ICs ( Chapters 5, 9 and 12 respectively) Separate chapter on applications of OPAMPs ( Chapter 4) Exposure to ORCAD PSpice with specific design problems. Pedagogy: Solved Examples: 102 Chapter End Review Questions: 663 Numerical Problems: 120 Over 500 illustrations to facilitate conceptual clarity and objectivity. Chapter 'objectives' at the beginning and 'Summary' at the end.
Structure of a Computer System Brief history of computers, Von Neumann architecture, Functional units, Bus structures and Interconnection networks, Performance.Data Types and Computer Arithmetic Scalar data types, Fixed and floating point numbers, Signed numbers, Integer arithmetic, 2 s Complement multiplication, Booths algorithm, Hardware Implementation, Division restoring and Non-restoring algorithms, Floating point representations, IEEE standards, Floating point arithmetic.Control Unit DesignMachine instructions and addressing modes, Single bus CPU, Control unit operation: Instruction sequencing, Micro-operations, (Register Transfer).Hardwired control : Design methods, Design examples : Multiplier CU.Micro-programmed control : Basic concepts, Microinstruction-sequencing and execution, Micro-program control, Applications of microprogramming, Emulator.Processor DesignCPU Architecture, Register organization, Instruction set-instruction types, instruction formats (Intel, Motorola processors), Instruction cycles, Instruction pipelining, Types of operands, Addressing modes (Intel, Motorola processors), ALU design-ALU organization. Memory Organisation Characteristics of memory systems, Internal and external memory, Chip packaging. Main Memory - ROM, PROM, EPROM, EEPROM, RAM : SRAM, DRAM, SDRAM, RDRAM, error correction.High-speed memories : Cache memory, Organization and mapping, Replacement algorithms, Cache coherence, MESI protocol.Interleaved and associative memories, Performance characteristics, Virtual memory : Main memory allocation, Segmentation, Paging.Secondary storage : Magnetic disk, Tape, DAT, RAID, Optical memory, CDROM, DVD.I/O OrganisationInput/output systems, Programmed I/O, Interrupt Driven I/O, I/O channels, Direct Memory Access (DMA), Buses and standard Interfaces : Synchronous, Asynchronous, Parallel, Serial, PCI, SCSI, USB Ports.Peripherals : Keyboard, Mouse, Scanners, Video Displays, Dot-matrix, Desk-jet, Laser Printers,ultiprocessor ConfigurationsClosely coupled and loosely coupled multiprocessor architectures, Problems of bus contentions. Interprocess communications, Coprocessor and I/O Processor, Bus controller, Bus arbitration, System Bus-Uni-Bus, Multibus.RISC and Superscalar Processors : RISC - features, Register file, RISC Vs CISC, Superscalar processors - Overview, Organization.

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