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Soft biological tissues often undergo large (nearly) elastic deformations that can be analyzed using the nonlinear theory of elasticity. Because of the varied approaches to nonlinear elasticity in the literature, some aspects of the subject may be difficult to appreciate. This book attempts to clarify and unify those treatments, illustrating the advantages and disadvantages of each through various examples in the mechanics of soft tissues. Applications include muscle, arteries, the heart, and embryonic tissues. Contents: Vectors, Dyadics, and Tensors; Analysis of Deformation; Analysis of Stress; Constitutive Relations; Biomechanics Applications. Readership: Graduate students and researchers interested in mechanics problems involving large elastic deformations, like those in soft tissue biomechanics.