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As research continues on the earliest migration of modern humans into North and South America, the current state of knowledge about these first Americans is continually evolving. Especially with recent advances in human genomic studies, both of living populations and ancient skeletal remains, new light is being shed in the ongoing quest toward understanding the full complexity and timing of prehistoric migration patterns. Paleoamerican Odyssey collects thirty-one studies presented at the 2013 conference by the same name, hosted in Santa Fe, New Mexico, by the Center for the Study of the First Americans at Texas A&M University. Providing an up-to-date view of the current state of knowledge in paleoamerican studies, the research gathered in this volume, presented by leaders in the field, focuses especially on late Pleistocene Northeast Asia, Beringia, and North and South America, as well as dispersal routes, molecular genetics, and Clovis and pre-Clovis archaeology.
This book is a full-color study of over 500 pre-Clovis stone artifacts of Virginia. With the 22K-year date of the Cinmar bipoint in Virginia, there is ample evidence of artifact classes that are older than Clovis. Over 50 tool types are illustrated and discussed. Artifact single-site collections are documented. The book argues the differences between Holocene biface technology with the blade and core technology of the Pleistocene era. The requirements for identifying Pleistocene artifacts is presented, such as platforms, remaining cortex, and invasive retouch. They are presented in a tool model. Major stones, namely jasper, are discussed as a lithic determinism. The east coast distribution is presented for various tool types. Additionally, as a major focus, cross-Atlantic flake/blade identical tools from Europe are illustrated with Middle Atlantic artifacts. Artifact ergonomics, such as right-left handed tools, hypothetical tool center, are argued. Structural and functional axis are shown and described on how to identify them on tools. Overall, this book presents an initiating view of the archaeology needed to study Pleistocene era artifacts on the American east coast.
Mobility and Ancient Society in Asia and the Americas contains contributions by leading international scholars concerning the character, timing, and geography of regional migrations that led to the dispersal of human societies from Inner and northeast Asia to the New World in the Upper Pleistocene (ca. 20,000-15,000 years ago). This volume bridges scholarly traditions from Europe, Central Asia, and North and South America, bringing different perspectives into a common view. The book presents an international overview of an ongoing discussion that is relevant to the ancient history of both Eurasia and the Americas. The content of the chapters provides both geographic and conceptual coverage of main currents in contemporary scholarly research, including case studies from Inner Asia (Kazakhstan), southwest Siberia, northeast Siberia, and North and South America. The chapters consider the trajectories, ecology, and social dynamics of ancient mobility, communication, and adaptation in both Eurasia and the Americas, using diverse methodologies of data recovery ranging from archaeology, historical linguistics, ancient DNA, human osteology, and palaeoenvironmental reconstruction. Although methodologically diverse, the chapters are each broadly synthetic in nature and present current scholarly views of when, and in which ways, societies from northeast Asia ultimately spread eastward (and southward) into North and South America, and how we might reconstruct the cultures and adaptations related to Paleolithic groups. Ultimately, this book provides a unique synthetic perspective that bridges Asia and the Americas and brings the ancient evidence from both sides of the Bering Strait into common focus.
Drawing upon invasion biology and the latest archaeological, skeletal and environment evidence, From Arabia to the Pacific documents the migration of humans into Asia, and explains why we were so successful as a colonising species. The colonisation of Asia by our species was one of the most momentous events in human evolution. Starting around or before 100,000 years ago, humans began to disperse out of Africa and into the Arabian Peninsula, and then across southern Asia through India, Southeast Asia and south China. They learnt to build boats and sail to the islands of Southeast Asia, from which they reached Australia by 50,000 years ago. Around that time, humans also dispersed from the Levant through Iran, Central Asia, southern Siberia, Mongolia, the Tibetan Plateau, north China and the Japanese islands, and they also colonised Siberia as far north as the Arctic Ocean. By 30,000 years ago, humans had colonised the whole of Asia from Arabia to the Pacific, and from the Arctic to the Indian Ocean as well as the European Peninsula. In doing so, we replaced all other types of humans such as Neandertals and ended five million years of human diversity. Using interdisciplinary source material, From Arabia to the Pacific charts this process and draws conclusions as to the factors which made it possible. It will be invaluable to scholars of prehistory, and archaeologists and anthropologists interested in how the human species moved out of Africa and spread throughout Asia.
Cory Doctorow's Attack Surface is a standalone novel set in the world of New York Times bestsellers Little Brother and Homeland. Most days, Masha Maximow was sure she'd chosen the winning side. In her day job as a counterterrorism wizard for an transnational cybersecurity firm, she made the hacks that allowed repressive regimes to spy on dissidents, and manipulate their every move. The perks were fantastic, and the pay was obscene. Just for fun, and to piss off her masters, Masha sometimes used her mad skills to help those same troublemakers evade detection, if their cause was just. It was a dangerous game and a hell of a rush. But seriously self-destructive. And unsustainable. When her targets were strangers in faraway police states, it was easy to compartmentalize, to ignore the collateral damage of murder, rape, and torture. But when it hits close to home, and the hacks and exploits she’s devised are directed at her friends and family--including boy wonder Marcus Yallow, her old crush and archrival, and his entourage of naïve idealists--Masha realizes she has to choose. And whatever choice she makes, someone is going to get hurt. At the Publisher's request, this title is being sold without Digital Rights Management Software (DRM) applied.
General background: modern human behavior in the Paleolithic world -- Some key issues in the emergence and diversity of 'modern' human behavior / Paul Mellars -- Early modern human dispersal in central and eastern Europe / Jiří Svoboda -- Human migrations and adaptations in Asia inferred from genome diversity / Ryosuke Kimura -- Migration and the origins of Homo sapiens / Peter Bellwood -- South Asia -- Modern human emergence in South Asia: a review of the fossil and genetic evidence / Sheela Athreya -- Antiquity of modern humans and behavioral modernity in the Indian subcontinent: implications of the Jwalapuram evidence / Ravi Korisettar -- Genes, stone tools, and modern humans, dispersal in the center of the Old World / Parth R. Chauhan, Shantanu Ozarkar, and Shaunak Kulkarni -- Southeast Asia -- Hoabinhians: a key population with which to debate the peopling of Southeast Asia / Hirofumi Matsumura, Marc F. Oxenham, and Nguyen Lan Cuong -- First archaeological evidence of symbolic activities from the Pleistocene of Vietnam / Nguyen Viet -- Reconstructing late Pleistocene climates, landscapes, and human activities in northern Borneo from excavations in the Niah Caves / Tim Reynolds and Graeme Barker -- Tracking evidence for modern human behavior in Paleolithic Indonesia / Truman Simanjuntak, François Sémah, and Anne-Marie Sémah -- Human emergence and adaptation to an island environment in the Philippine Paleolithic / Armand S. Mijares -- Detecting traits of modern behavior through microwear analysis: a case study from the Philippine terminal Pleistocene / Alfred F. Pawlik -- Wallacea and Australia -- Maritime migration and lithic assemblage on Talaud islands in northern Wallacea during the late Pleistocene / Rintaro Ono, Naoki Nakajima, Hiroe Nishizawa, Shizuo Oda, and Santoso Soegondho -- Crossing the Wallace line: the maritime skills of the earliest colonists in the Wallacean archipelago / Sue O'Connor -- Cultural diversification and the global dispersion of Homo sapiens: lessons from Australia / Peter Hiscock -- East Asia mainland and Taiwan -- Chang-pin culture of Paleolithic Taiwan and its related problems / Chao-mei Lien -- New evidence of modern human behavior in Paleolithic central China / Youping Wang -- Handaxes in the Imjin River basin, Korea: implications for late Pleistocene hominin evolution in East Asia / Seonbok Yi -- The characteristics of upper Paleolithic industries in Korea: innovation, continuity, and interaction / Gikil Lee -- East Asia Japanese archipelago -- The appearance and characteristics of the early upper Paleolithic in the Japanese archipelago / Masami Izuho -- Paleovegetation during MIS 3 in the east Asia / Hikaru Takahara and Ryoma Hayashi -- Further study on the late Pleistocene megafaunal extinction in the Japanese archipelago / Akira Iwase, Keiichi Takahashi, and Masami Izuho -- Pleistocene seafaring and colonization of the Ryuku Islands, southwestern Japan / Yousuke Kaifu, Masaki Fujita, Minoru Yoneda, and Shinji Yamasaki -- Maritime transport of obsidian in Japan during the upper Paleolithic / Nobuyuki Ikeya -- Appearance of Hakuhen-Sentoki (HS points) and second modern human migration into Kyushu, Japan / Kazuki Morisaki -- Trap-pit hunting in late Pleistocene Japan / Hiroyuki Sato -- Further analyses of Hokkaido Jōmon mitochondrial DNA / Noboru Adachi, Ken-ichi Shinoda, and Masami Izuho -- On the processes of diversification in microblade technocomplexes in the late glacial Hokkaido / Yuichi Nakazawa and Satoru Yamada -- Siberia -- The overland dispersal of modern humans to eastern Asia / Ted Goebel -- The Paleolithic peopling of Mongolia: an updated assessment / Jacques Jaubert -- Middle and upper Paleolithic interactions and the emergence of 'modern behavior' in southern Siberia and Mongolia / Evgeny P. Rybin -- The emergence of modern behavior in the Transbaikal, Russia: timing and technology / Ian Buvit -- Modern human response to the last glacial maximum in Siberia / Kelly E. Graf -- Summary and conclusions -- Modern human dispersal and behavior in Paleolithic Asia: summary and discussion / Yousuke Kaifu, Masami Izuho, and Ted Goebel
"This bibliography of books, articles, monographs, and dissertations features more than 4,700 entries, divided into twenty-four subject areas such as activism and protest; Appalachian studies; arts and crafts; community culture and folklife; education; environment; ethnicity, race and identity; health and medicine; media and stereotypes; recreation and tourism; religion; and women and gender. Two indexes conclude the bibliography"--Provided by publisher.
A world list of books in the English language.
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