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A thorough exposition of quantum computing and the underlying concepts of quantum physics, with explanations of the relevant mathematics and numerous examples.
This book explores both the state of the art and the latest developments in QKD. It describes the fundamental concepts and practical aspects of QKD from a viewpoint of information security and quantum channel efficiency improvement. The purpose of this book is to extend and update the knowledge of the readers in the dynamically changing field of QKD. The authors attempt to present in detail their results of scientific research, which is divided into two sections - Modern QKD Technologies and Quantum Channel Construction. It will be useful for researchers, engineers, graduates, and doctoral students working in quantum cryptography and information security-related areas.
Singularity Hypotheses: A Scientific and Philosophical Assessment offers authoritative, jargon-free essays and critical commentaries on accelerating technological progress and the notion of technological singularity. It focuses on conjectures about the intelligence explosion, transhumanism, and whole brain emulation. Recent years have seen a plethora of forecasts about the profound, disruptive impact that is likely to result from further progress in these areas. Many commentators however doubt the scientific rigor of these forecasts, rejecting them as speculative and unfounded. We therefore invited prominent computer scientists, physicists, philosophers, biologists, economists and other thinkers to assess the singularity hypotheses. Their contributions go beyond speculation, providing deep insights into the main issues and a balanced picture of the debate.
This book is part of the book-series dedicated to the advances of neutrosophic theories and their applications, started by the author in 1998. Its aim is to present the last developments in the field. This is the second extended and improved edition of Neutrosophic Perspectives (September 2017; first edition was published in June 2017). For the first time, we now introduce: — Neutrosophic Duplets and the Neutrosophic Duplet Structures; — Neutrosophic Multisets (as an extension of the classical multisets); — Neutrosophic Spherical Numbers; — Neutrosophic Overnumbers / Undernumbers / Offnumbers; — Neutrosophic Indeterminacy of Second Type; — Neutrosophic Hybrid Operators (where the heterogeneous t-norms and t-conorms may be used in designing neutrosophic aggregations); — Neutrosophic Triplet Weak Set (and con-sequently we have renamed the previous Neutros-ophic Triplet Set (2014-2016) as Neutrosophic Triplet Strong Set in order to distinguish them); — Neutrosophic Perfect Triplet; — Neutrosophic Imperfect Triplet; — Neutrosophic triplet relation of equivalence; — Two Neutrosophic Friends; — n Neutrosophic Friends; — Neutrosophic Triplet Loop; — Neutrosophic Triplet Function; — Neutrosophic Modal Logic; — and Neutrosophic Hedge Algebras. The Refined Neutrosophic Set / Logic / Probability were introduced in 2013 by F. Smarandache. Since year 2016 a new interest has been manifested by researchers for the Neutrosophic Triplets and their corresponding Neutros-ophic Triplet Algebraic Structures (introduced by F. Smarandache & M. Ali). Subtraction and Division of Neutrosophic Numbers were introduced by F. Smarandache - 2016, and Jun Ye – 2017. We also present various new applications in: neutrosophic multi-criteria decision-making, neutrosophic psychology, neutrosophic geographical function (the equatorial virtual line), neutrosophic probability in target identification, neutrosophic dynamic systems, neutrosophic quantum computers, neutrosophic theory of evolution, and neutrosophic triplet structures in our everyday life. Keywords: neutrosophy, neutrosophic duplets, neutrosophic duplet structures, neutrosophic multisets, neutrosophic hedge algebras, neutrosophic multi-criteria decision-making, neutrosophic psychology, neutrosophic geographical function, neutrosophic probability in target identification,
This book offers a thoroughly updated guide to the MPI (Message-Passing Interface) standard library for writing programs for parallel computers. Since the publication of the previous edition of Using MPI, parallel computing has become mainstream. Today, applications run on computers with millions of processors; multiple processors sharing memory and multicore processors with multiple hardware threads per core are common. The MPI-3 Forum recently brought the MPI standard up to date with respect to developments in hardware capabilities, core language evolution, the needs of applications, and experience gained over the years by vendors, implementers, and users. This third edition of Using MPI reflects these changes in both text and example code. The book takes an informal, tutorial approach, introducing each concept through easy-to-understand examples, including actual code in C and Fortran. Topics include using MPI in simple programs, virtual topologies, MPI datatypes, parallel libraries, and a comparison of MPI with sockets. For the third edition, example code has been brought up to date; applications have been updated; and references reflect the recent attention MPI has received in the literature. A companion volume, Using Advanced MPI, covers more advanced topics, including hybrid programming and coping with large data.
This book offers a practical guide to the advanced features of the MPI (Message-Passing Interface) standard library for writing programs for parallel computers. It covers new features added in MPI-3, the latest version of the MPI standard, and updates from MPI-2. Like its companion volume, Using MPI, the book takes an informal, example-driven, tutorial approach. The material in each chapter is organized according to the complexity of the programs used as examples, starting with the simplest example and moving to more complex ones.Using Advanced MPI covers major changes in MPI-3, including changes to remote memory access and one-sided communication that simplify semantics and enable better performance on modern hardware; new features such as nonblocking and neighborhood collectives for greater scalability on large systems; and minor updates to parallel I/O and dynamic processes. It also covers support for hybrid shared-memory/message-passing programming; MPI_Message, which aids in certain types of multithreaded programming; features that handle very large data; an interface that allows the programmer and the developer to access performance data; and a new binding of MPI to Fortran.
With a clear writing style and matter-of-fact approach, this rigorous yet accessible introduction to quantum computing is designed for readers with a solid mathematical background but limited knowledge of physics and quantum mechanics. Using a methodical approach and an abundance of worked examples, this handbook delivers a thorough introduction to the quantum circuit model, including the mathematical formalism required for quantum computing. Concentrates on the quantum circuit model to make complex subject matter more accessible. Provides a phenomenological introduction to quantum computing, encouraging readers to view the subject as a fundamentally new approach to computing. Detailed presentation of quantum algorithms demonstrates the logic behind the development of Deutsch's problem, quantum Fourier transform, Shor's factoring algorithm, Simon's algorithm for phase estimation, and discrete logarithms evaluation problems. For anyone interested in learning more about quantum computing.

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