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Genetic improvement has played a vital role in enhancing the yield potential of vegetable crops. There are numerous vegetable crops grown worldwide and variable degrees of research on genetics, breeding and biotechnology have been conducted on these crops. This book brings together the results of such research on crops grouped as alliums, crucifers, cucurbits, leaf crops, tropical underground and miscellaneous. Written by eminent specialists, each chapter concentrates on one crop and covers cytology, genetics, breeding objectives, germplasm resources, reproductive biology, selection breeding methods, heterosis and hybrid seed production, quality and processing attributes and technology. This unique collection will be of great value to students, scientists and vegetable breeders as it provides a reference guide on genetics, breeding and biotechnology of a wide range of vegetable crops.
Genetic engineering and biotechnology along with conventional breeding have played an important role in developing superior cultivars by transferring economically important traits from distant, wild and even unrelated species to the cultivated varieties which otherwise could not have been possible with conventional breeding. There is a vast amount of literature pertaining to the genetic improvement of crops over last few decades. However, the wonderful results achieved by crop scientists in food legumes’ research and development over the years are scattered in different journals of the World. The two volumes in the series ‘Alien Gene Transfer in Crop Plants’ address this issue and offer a comprehensive reference on the developments made in major food crops of the world. These volumes aim at bringing the contributions from globally renowned scientists at one platform in a reader-friendly manner. The second volume entitled, “Alien Gene Transfer in Crop Plants: Achievements and Impact” will deal more with the practical aspects. This volume will cover achievements of alien gene transfer in major food crops of the world and their impact on development of newer genetic variability and additional avenues for selection; development of superior cultivars for increased yield, resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses, improved nutritional and industrial quality; innovation of new techniques and positive as well as negative environmental implications. This volume has been divided into four groups with an aim to cover all major cereals, pulses, oilseeds and other crops (vegetable and horticultural crops) which are of economic importance.
Get all the resource information you need on hybrid vegetable development—in one book! Discover the latest concepts in breeding and development of hybrid vegetables with Hybrid Vegetable Development. Respected authorities share their views on the most recent trends and the techniques used for hybrid vegetable development in various vegetable crops. This one book could become your comprehensive source for all aspects of breeding, development, and seed production. Hybrid Vegetable Development provides a huge volume of background information on eighteen of the most important world vegetable crops, including tomato, eggplant, hot pepper, bell pepper, cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, onion, garden pea, and melons. Packed with helpful illustrations, diagrams, and tables, this book goes in-depth into hybrid development mechanisms, crop/floral biology, pollination control mechanisms genetics, breeding, and the exploitation of hybrid seed production on a commercial scale. Hybrid Vegetable Development covers: crop biology heterosis pollination control mechanisms hybrid seed production maintenance of inbred/pure lines seed production of major vegetables detailed descriptions of the mechanisms in hybrid vegetable development the status of transgenic vegetables Hybrid Vegetable Development is a valuable, comprehensive resource for agriculture industry experts and professionals, professors, and students.
The book entitled “Disease Problems in Vegetable Production” 2nd edition, is specifically prepared for under and post graduate students in Agriculture/ Horticulture and range of professionals including teachers, researchers, extension plant pathologists and elite vegetable growers. The book gives a comprehensive over-view of economic importance, symptomatology, etiology, pre-disposing factors and management of vegetable diseases employing cultural, biological, host resistance, plant extracts and chemical methods as such and in anintegrated approach so that the ravages due to the diseases remain below economic threshold level. A total of 19 chapters dealing with important diseases of vegetables like potato, tomato, crucifers, cucurbits, pea, French bean, chillies and bell pepper, onion, garlic, eggplant, carrot, sugar beet, colocasia, okra and leafy vegetables have been compiled in this book. Two new chapters on diseases of ginger and diseases of vegetables under protected cultivation as well as some important diseases of different vegetable crops left out in the first edition have been added in this edition. Besides, the book also includes chapters on common pathogens of vegetable crops, disease problems in nurseries, post harvest diseases and diseases caused by nematodes. All chapters have been updated in the light of available literature up to 2017. Symptoms, disease cycles of important diseases and different structures of pathogen(s) have also been given in the book that will not only help in better diagnosis and understanding of the perpetuation and spread of the causal pathogens but will also help in the management of these diseases more effectively. Coloured photographs of disease symptoms have also been included for easy identification of vegetable diseases.
The book has been designed with the main consideration to serve a dual purpose of being a text and reference. Keeping this thing in mind the entire book has been divided into three major parts. The first part deals with the principles and methods of breeding adopted in horticultural crops propagated both sexually and asexually. The second part deals with the achievements in breeding of perennial horticultural crops. The third part covers achievements made in breeding of annual horticultural crops.
With reference to India.
Verticillium wilt is one of the most destructive diseases of eggplant worldwide. Resistance to Verticillium wilt has been a formidable breeding objective due to the lack of high level of resistance in S. melongena or closely related species and the sterility of the F1 hybrids of eggplant with distantly related species.
Abstract : PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Crop wild relatives (CWR) provide important traits for plant breeding, including pest, pathogen, and abiotic stress resistance. Therefore, their conservation and future availability are essential for food security. Despite this need, the world's genebanks are currently thought to conserve only a small fraction of the total diversity of CWR. METHODS: We define the eggplant genepool using the results of recent taxonomic and phylogenetic studies. We identify the gaps in germplasm accessions for eggplant ( Solanum melongena L.) CWR by comparing georeferenced herbarium records and germplasm accessions using a gap analysis methodology implementing species distribution models (SDM). Preliminary conservation assessments using IUCN criteria were done for all species and were combined with the gap analysis to pinpoint where under‐collected and threatened CWR species coincide with high human disturbance and occur outside of protected areas. KEY RESULTS: We show that many eggplant CWR are poorly represented in genebanks compared to their native ranges. Priority areas for future collecting are concentrated in Africa, especially along the Kenya‐Tanzania border. Fourteen species of eggplant CWR are assessed as threatened or near‐threatened; these are also concentrated in eastern Africa. CONCLUSIONS: The knowledge base upon which conservation of wild relative germplasm depends must take into account both taxonomic and phylogenetic advances. Beyond traditional research focus on close relatives of crops, we emphasize the benefits of defining a broad CWR genepool, and the importance of assessing threats to wild species when targeting localities for future collection of CWR to improve crop breeding in the face of environmental change.
"A gold standard collection of Agrobacterium-mediated transformation techniques for state-of-the-art plant genetic engineering, functional genomic analysis, and crop improvement. Volume 1 details the most updated techniques available for twenty-six plant species drawn from cereal crops, industrial plants, legume plants, and vegetable plants, and presents various methods for introducing DNA into three major model plant species, Arabidopsis thaliana, Medicago truncatula, and Nicotiana. The authors also outline the basic methods in Agrobacterium manipulation and strategies for vector construction. Volume 2 contains another thirty-three proven techniques for root plants, turf grasses, woody species, tropic plants, nuts and fruits, ornamental plants, and medicinal plants. Additional chapters provide methods for introducing DNA into non-plant species, such as bacteria, fungi, algae, and mammalian cells. The protocols follow the successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, each offering step-by-step laboratory instructions, an introduction outlining the principles behind the technique, lists of the necessary equipment and reagents, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls."--Publisher's website.
The role of the commonwealth mycological institute in the development of mycology and plant pathology; Training of plant pathologists for teaching and reseaech in India; Nucleic acids, proteins and pathological conditions; The phylloplane-pathogens versus nonpathogens; Epidemiology, concepts and scope; Radioisotopes and radiations in plant pathology; Non pathogenic disorders of crop plants, specially of high yielding varieties; Virus diseases of rice; Maize and millet viruses; Virus diseases of vegetable crops; Citrus die-back problem in India; Inhibition of plant viruses; Purification and detection of plant viruses; Applications of fluorescent antibody technique in detecting virus antigens in plants and vector insects; Cyanophages in transduction and lysogeny of cyanophyceae; Investigations on mycoplasmal diseases of plants in India; Recent studies in Japan on bacterial leaf blight of rice; Bacterial blight and leaf streak diseases of rice-their epidemiology and control.
The bacterial wilt diseases caused by members of the Ralstonia solanacearum species complex have never been more important. The research presented in this volume reveals a pathogen on the move, with a growing global profile. While these diseases inflict ongoing and increasing crop losses on subsistence farmers, the pathogen now has significant political and economic impact in the developed world.This book, based on the 3rd International Bacterial Wilt Symposium, covers topics ranging from the basic biology of the host-pathogen interaction to applied research, designed to immediately address disease losses in the field. Contributors to the book span a broad range of applied and basic biologists. They work in all parts of the world, offering current data on sustainable low-tech disease control practices and on R. solanacearum as a model system for understanding molecular plant-microbe interactions.Bacterial Wilt Disease and the Ralstonia solanacearum Species Complex opens with two key reviews. One presents a thoughtful analysis of international collaborations on bacterial wilt research in the context of a review of literature published on the topic. The second is a global assessment of the current impact of bacterial wilt. Although there are still significant gaps in the data available, for the first time a general idea of the real impact and extent of these diseases around the world is presented.Topics covered in this resource include: epidemiology, disease management, breeding and deployment, host plant response and disease management, pathogen genetics, R. solanacearum in banana and plantains, and diversity and detection. Experts provide overviews focusing on the pressing research needs in each area. These overview chapters are intended to give the reader the best current understanding of the topic and to suggest promising directions for future research.Global Impact of R. solanacearum:R. solanacearum is a contentious topic in agricultural trade negotiations in the European Union and is subject to strict quarantine and eradication regulations in the United States. This legislation has had unforeseen economic impacts on laborers in developing nations where millions of ornamental plant cuttings are produced for the North American and European markets. In addition, reports at the 3rd International Bacterial Wilt Symposium indicated that the most rapid and alarming increases in bacterial wilt disease incidence around the world are on potatoes, bananas and plantains. More than ever, scientists who work with this pathogen must recognize that although bacterial wilt certainly can cause severe crop losses on a local scale, it also plays a complex and significant role in the worldwide agricultural matrix.

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