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Osprey's study of a crucial battle of the Grerco-Persian Wars (499-449 BC). Weeks after the glorious disaster at Thermopylae and heavy but inconclusive fighting at sea off Artemisium, with Athens now in barbarian hands and the Acropolis burned, the Greeks dramatically halted the Persian invasion of 480BC. They brought the 600-strong Persian fleet to battle with their 350 triremes in the confined waters of the straits of Salamis and, through a combination of superior tactics and fighting spirit, won a crushing victory. This drove the Persian navy out of the western Aegean and enabled the Hellenic Alliance to combine its manpower in sufficient force to destroy the massive occupying army in the following year. Victory over the Persians secured the 5th century flowering of Greek and, in particular, Athenian culture and institutions that so influenced the subsequent development of western civilisation. This book draws extensively on the findings of archaeological, technological and naval research, as well as on the historical sources to vividly recreate one of the most important naval campaigns in world history.
In the channel between the Island of Salamis and the Greek mainland on a September morning in 480BC, two of the greatest civilisations the world has seen collideda The war which had raged for twenty bloody years reached crisis point. The Persians, led by Xerxes, had invaded Greece and taken half of it. The Greeks stood poised to strike back, but with only 370 ships facing an armada of almost 700 Persian vessels, the odds were not good. SALAMIS tells the gripping story of one month in 480BC, when the ancient world trembled at the outcome of the largest land / sea invasion ever attempted. And nothing would be the same ever again.
In the simulation, at the naval strategic level, in order to guarantee local superiority or to be able to maintain a reserve force (the third line), the Egyptian force would not have been deployed to the north channel, so, too, the Greek navy would be all over. concentrated in the south channel. And at the tactical level, Ariabignes would have well understood his goals, knowing that it was necessary to deny the enemy the target of his concentrated strength so that he would not lose, and that it was then necessary to obtain successive engagements - at least two waves. of battle lines - to win by the weight of numbers and concentric involvings.
On a late September day in 480 B.C., Greek warships faced an invading Persian armada in the narrow Salamis Straits in the most important naval battle of the ancient world. Overwhelmingly outnumbered by the enemy, the Greeks triumphed through a combination of strategy and deception. More than two millennia after it occurred, the clash between the Greeks and Persians at Salamis remains one of the most tactically brilliant battles ever fought. The Greek victory changed the course of western history -- halting the advance of the Persian Empire and setting the stage for the Golden Age of Athens. In this dramatic new narrative account, historian and classicist Barry Strauss brings this landmark battle to life. He introduces us to the unforgettable characters whose decisions altered history: Themistocles, Athens' great leader (and admiral of its fleet), who devised the ingenious strategy that effectively destroyed the Persian navy in one day; Xerxes, the Persian king who fought bravely but who ultimately did not understand the sea; Aeschylus, the playwright who served in the battle and later wrote about it; and Artemisia, the only woman commander known from antiquity, who turned defeat into personal triumph. Filled with the sights, sounds, and scent of battle, The Battle of Salamis is a stirring work of history.
"As a historian of the Persian wars Mr. Mackenzie has two major qualifications, his love of Herodotus and his own experience in Greece during the late War....Much of the charm of the book lies in the author's ability to illustrate geography or parallel incidents. A compact and moving little book."---Times Literary Supplement "A straightforward narrative, pleasantly written."---Journal of Hellenic Studies The defeat of the Persian army and navy by the Greek city-states at the battles of Marathon and Salamis in 490 and 480 B.C. ended Persia's attempt to conquer southeastern Europe and with it the direct influence of Asia in the development of a European culture. Both battles and their surrounding actions, including the legendary stand of 300 Greek Hoplites at Thermopylae and the final battle on the plain at Plataea, continue to be a source of fascination, as does their significance in the history of the West. Following these victories, the Greek city-states began their complex but unfettered development into what is now known as a "classical period," with an unparalled explosion of intellectual advancements in the arts, sciences, and philosophy that form the backbone of Western civilization and ideals. Until these battles, Persia was the literate world's cultural and political focal point, and while Persia would continue to exert its power and influence for centuries, it would no longer have a presence in Europe, where Greek and subsequently Roman power would shape the future of the continent. Originally published as part of the "Great Occasions" series, this is the first paperback edition of this lively and engaging work.
480 BC. Arimnestos of Plataea has already lived through several lifetimes' worth of adventure, from being a rich man's slave in Ephesus to winning glory at the battle of Marathon against the might of the Persian Empire. But the gods - and the Persians - aren't finished with him yet. As an experienced sea captain - his enemies might say pirate - he has a part to play in the final epic confrontation of the Long War between the Greeks and Persians, the Battle of Salamis. It is a battle where many debts of blood will be repaid, ancient grudges settled, fame won and treachery exposed, where the Greeks must finally bury their differences and fight as one - for against them Xerxes, the Great King, has assembled the greatest fleet the world has ever known, his sworn purpose to brutally extinguish the flame of freedom and make every Greek his slave.
Describes the life and accomplishments of the Athenian leader who played a major role in the Greek response to the advance of the Persian empire, and places him in the context of his times.
This textbook is endorsed by OCR and supports the specification for GCSE Classical Civilisation (first teaching September 2017). It covers the Thematic Study Component 11 and all three Literature and Culture options (Components 21–23): Thematic Study: Myth and Religion by Ben Greenley Literature and Culture 1: The Homeric World by Dan Menashe Literature and Culture 2: Roman City Life by James Renshaw Literature and Culture 3: War and Warfare by James Renshaw Why does Greek and Roman mythology remain so popular today? Why is the hero Odysseus such an interesting character? What was it like to watch a gladiatorial fight? Why was the Roman army so successful? This book guides GCSE students to a greater understanding of such issues. The opening chapter examines the lives of women in Greece and Rome, and also focuses on women in myth and legend. The following three chapters invite readers to explore the culture of the Mycenaeans, city life in the Roman world, and ancient Greek and Roman warfare, focusing both on aspects of ancient society and on related literature. The ideal preparation for the final examinations, all content is presented by experts and experienced teachers in a clear and accessible narrative. Ancient literary and visual sources are described and analysed, with supporting images and examples of non-prescribed sources. Helpful student features include study questions, activities, further reading, and boxes focusing in on key people, events and terms. Practice questions and exam guidance prepare students for assessment. A Companion Website is available at
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 24. Chapters: Themistocles, Paean, The Persians, Artemisia I of Caria, Psyttaleia, Aristides, Troezen, Sicinnus, Eurybiades, Egaleo, Choerilus of Samos, Adeimantus of Corinth, Ameinias of Athens, Ariabignes. Excerpt: The Battle of Salamis (Greek: , Naumachia t?'s Salaminos) was fought between an Alliance of Greek city-states and the Persian Empire in September 480 BC in the straits between the mainland and Salamis, an island in the Saronic Gulf near Athens. It marked the high-point of the second Persian invasion of Greece which had begun in 480 BC. To block the Persian advance, a small force of Greeks blocked the pass of Thermopylae, while an Athenian-dominated Allied navy engaged the Persian fleet in the nearby straits of Artemisium. In the resulting Battle of Thermopylae, the rearguard of the Greek force was annihilated, whilst in the Battle of Artemisium the Greeks had heavy losses and retreated after the loss at Thermopylae. This allowed the Persians to conquer Boeotia and Attica. The Allies prepared to defend the Isthmus of Corinth whilst the fleet was withdrawn to nearby Salamis Island. Although heavily outnumbered, the Greek Allies were persuaded by the Athenian general Themistocles to bring the Persian fleet to battle again, in the hope that a victory would prevent naval operations against the Peloponessus. The Persian king Xerxes was also anxious for a decisive battle. As a result of subterfuge on the part of Themistocles, the Persian navy sailed into the Straits of Salamis and tried to block both entrances. In the cramped conditions of the Straits the great Persian numbers were an active hindrance, as ships struggled to maneuver and became disorganised. Seizing the opportunity, the Greek fleet formed in line and scored a decisive victory, sinking or capturing at least 300 Persian ships. As a result Xerxes retreated to As...
A series of texts in Classical Civilisation, encompassing literary, historical and philosophical subjects. Herodotus, writing in the second half of the 5th century BC, is the first historian of western civilisation. His narrative tells of the expansion of the Persian Empire in the 6th and 5th centuries BC and the wars between Greece and Persia in 490 and 480 BC. Some of the most famous battles of history, Marathon, Thermopylae and Salamis, are dramatically described in his work. However, Herodotus' greatness lies not only in the momentous nature of the events he describes. His purpose is to explain why the wars happened and his sophisticated and complex answer encompasses the relation of gods to men, the nature of different peoples and the character of individuals. Herodotus says that he will write equally about the two sides of the war, and his narrative of the clash between East and West, between democracy and autocracy, has striking, and disturbing, modern resonances.
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