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From Newton's Law of Gravity to the Black-Scholes model used by bankers to predict the markets, equations, are everywhere -- and they are fundamental to everyday life.Seventeen Equations that Changed the World examines seventeen ground-breaking equations that have altered the course of human history. He explores how Pythagoras's Theorem led to GPS and Satnav; how logarithms are applied in architecture; why imaginary numbers were important in the development of the digital camera, and what is really going on with Schrdinger's cat. Entertaining, surprising and vastly informative, Seventeen Equations that Changed the World is a highly original exploration -- and explanation -- of life on earth.
This completely new title is written to specifically cover the new IB Diploma Mathematical Studies syllabus. The significance of mathematics for practical applications is a prominent theme throughout this coursebook, supported with Theory of Knowledge, internationalism and application links to encourage an appreciation of the broader contexts of mathematics. Mathematical modelling is also a key feature. GDC tips are integrated throughout, with a dedicated GDC chapter for those needing more support. Exam hints and IB exam-style questions are provided within each chapter; sample exam papers (online) can be tackled in exam-style conditions for further exam preparation. Guidance and support for the internal assessment is also available, providing advice on good practice when writing the project.
Ian Stewart explores the astonishing properties of numbers from 1 to 10 to zero and infinity, including one figure that, if you wrote it out, would span the universe. He looks at every kind of number you can think of -- real, imaginary, rational, irrational, positive and negative -- along with several you might have thought you couldn't think of. He explains the insights of the ancient mathematicians, shows how numbers have evolved through the ages, and reveals the way numerical theory enables everyday life. Under Professor Stewart's guidance you will discover the mathematics of codes, Sudoku, Rubik's Cube, music, primes and pi. You may be surprised to find you live in eleven-dimensional space, that of the twenty-three people on a football pitch two are more likely than not to share the same birthday, and that forty-two is a very interesting number. Professor Stewart's Incredible Numbers will delight everyone who loves numbers -- including those who currently think they don't.
Fluid-Structure Interaction: An Introduction to Finite Element Coupling fulfils the need for an introductive approach to the general concepts of Finite and Boundary Element Methods for FSI, from the mathematical formulation to the physical interpretation of numerical simulations. Based on the author’s experience in developing numerical codes for industrial applications in shipbuilding and in teaching FSI to both practicing engineers and within academia, it provides a comprehensive and self–contained guide that is geared toward both students and practitioners of mechanical engineering. Composed of six chapters, Fluid–Structure Interaction: An Introduction to Finite Element Coupling progresses logically from formulations and applications involving structure and fluid dynamics, fluid and structure interactions and opens to reduced order-modelling for vibro-acoustic coupling. The author describes simple yet fundamental illustrative examples in detail, using analytical and/or semi–analytical formulation & designed both to illustrate each numerical method and also to highlight a physical aspect of FSI. All proposed examples are simple enough to be computed by the reader using standard computational tools such as MATLAB, making the book a unique tool for self–learning and understanding the basics of the techniques for FSI, or can serve as verification and validation test cases of industrial FEM/BEM codes rendering the book valuable for code verification and validation purposes.
Fine-tune your numerical mindset with a quantitative review that serves as a tool for perceiving probability in a new way. Whether you’re a high school student, college student, or a test-prep candidate, this book’s wealth of explanations and insights makes it a perfect learning companion. Enjoy the benefits of your own short course in probability: •Be able to think conceptually by understanding how key problems “fit” within the main topics of probability, permutations, combinations, and enumerations. *Master basic probability using a simple “flowchart” to identify the correct formulas. *Understand when to “add” probabilities and when to “multiply” probabilities. *Be able to distinguish between events that are independent versus not independent and events that are mutually exclusive versus not mutually exclusive. *Grasp key differences between permutations and combinations and look for key words such as “arrangements” or “selections” to indicate the correct problem type. *Solve tricky permutation problems that involve repeated letters or numbers. *Approach probability problems with a newfound confidence and competency. This book is focused on honing those thinking skills that are essential for mastering basic probability. Such thinking skills make it much more likely that a person will be able to understand the “how” and “why” of problem solving, approach the subject in a conceptual way, and grasp those key principles that act as themes to bind related problems. These skills combine the science of math with the art of numbers. “To get started in probability theory, all you need are a few basic principles. Here they are, clear and uncluttered, in a short, simple book that comes as a welcome breath of fresh air.” —Dr. Ian Stewart, author of 17 Equations That Changed the World and the Cabinet of Mathematical Curiosities
Which mathematician elaborated a crucial concept the night before he died in a duel? Who funded his maths and medical career through gambling and chess? Who learned maths from her wallpaper? Ian Stewart presents the extraordinary lives and amazing discoveries of twenty-five of history's greatest mathematicians from Archimedes and Liu Hui to Benoit Mandelbrot and William Thurston. His subjects are the inspiring individuals from all over the world who have made crucial contributions to mathematics. They include the rediscovered geniuses Srinivasa Ramanujan and Emmy Noether, alongside the towering figures of Muhammad al-Khwarizmi (inventor of the algorithm), Pierre de Fermat, Isaac Newton, Carl Friedrich Gauss, Nikolai Ivanovich Lobachevsky, Bernhard Reimann (precursor to Einstein), Henri Poincar, Ada Lovelace (arguably the first computer programmer), Kurt Gdel and Alan Turing. Ian Stewart's vivid accounts are fascinating in themselves and, taken together, cohere into a riveting history of key steps in the development of mathematics.

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