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The study of international crimes - such as war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide - deserves to grow into a separate and fully fledged specialization within criminology, called supranational criminology. Supranational criminology entails the study of international crimes, behavior that shows affinity with these crimes, the causes and the situations in which they are committed, as well as interventions and their effectiveness. What exactly entails supranational criminology? What are international crimes? Should other forms of behavior also be qualified as international crimes? What are the specific characteristics of international crimes as forms of state sponsored or state facilitated crimes? Explanatory theories have to be developed which can be translated into testable hypotheses. Which theories from mainstream criminology can provide answers for the prevalence or causes of international crimes? Have the international courts and tribunals succeeded in their aim? This book repairs the fundamental and historical neglect of criminology and breaks out of a state of denial by putting international crimes on the criminological agenda.
With the academic study of ‘war’ gaining renewed popularity within criminology in recent years, this book illustrates the long-standing engagement with this social phenomenon within the discipline. Foregrounding established criminological work addressing war and connecting it to a wide range of extant sociological literature, the authors present and further develop theoretical and conceptual ways of thinking critically about war. Within this book, whilst providing an implicit critique of mainstream criminology the authors seek to question if a ‘criminology of war’ is possible, and if so how this seemingly ‘new horizon’ of the discipline might be usefully informed by sociology.
What exactly is the context in which all aspects of this new field of criminal law have to be interpreted? What does the principle of legality mean in the context of supranational criminal law? Which tradition lies at the basis of this new law system? Is supranational criminal law as it grows the result of a deliberate policy, tending towards a coherent system? Or is it merely the result of crisis management? Those are some of the questions that are highlighted in this first volume of the Supranational Criminal Law series.
The last decade of the 20th century saw the revival of global efforts aimed at tackling some of the most atrocious crimes of concern to mankind. Legal initiatives at international, regional, and national levels took shape to prevent the commission of genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity (international crimes), as well as to punish those most responsible for them. These commendable legal developments had considerable shortcomings in dealing with victims of international crimes. Victims' suffering and needs were hardly considered a priority. The establishment of the International Criminal Court changed this to some extent, providing a more comprehensive framework towards addressing victims' needs through a criminal justice approach. The peculiar situation of victims of international crimes calls for a holistic approach that links various relevant fields, such as traumatic stress, the social psychology of group conflict and resolution, and the psychology and sociology of legal processes. The latter is important in its own right, but also for the ongoing efforts in transitional and international criminal justice, as it can provide the empirical underpinning of the choices and developments in these fields. Transcending the disciplinary divisions in the study of victims of international crimes is the main focus of this volume, which contributes to developing victimological approaches to international crimes. Focusing on the African continent, scholars from different disciplines review the similarities and differences between victims of ordinary crimes and those of genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity. As victimological research has mainly focused on the former crimes, the book provides a much-needed and comprehensive overview of the intricacies of victimization by international crimes. This endeavor transcends academic interest, as an approach of this kind is essential to mend societies ravaged by genocide, war crimes, and/or crimes against humanity. (Series: Supranational Criminal Law: Capita Selecta - Vol. 13)
impunity for the `supreme international crime'. The book comments on the most recent work of the Assembly of States Parties' Inter-sessional Meeting on the Crime of Aggression. --
Just a few months after the entry into force of the EU Framework Decision on the fight against organized crime, this book provides an unprecedented analysis of the national and European legislation on organized crime. The book provides a critical examination of the European policies and legal instruments to promote the harmonization and approximation of criminal law in this field (including the United Nations Convention on Transnational Organized Crime). The current level of harmonization among EU Member States and the approximation to the standards of the new Framework Decision are discussed in detail, with the help of tables, graphs and maps. The results highlight the problems surrounding the international legal instruments and the inconsistencies of the national approaches to combating organized crime.
This Festschrift celebrates the 65th birthday of Dieter Geuenich, who held the Chair of Medieval History at the University of Duisburg-Essen from 1988 to 2008; it contains 41 papers dedicated to him by friends and colleagues from the fields of historical onomatology, memoria and memorials in the Middle Ages and Early Medieval archaeology and history.

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