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This book is a handbook for people who want to assure the use of reliable and valid questionnaires for collecting information about organizations. It significantly reduces the time and effort required for obtaining validated multiquestion measures of aspects of organizational ‘health’ such as employee job satisfaction, organizational commitment, organizational justice, and workplace behaviors. It helps users in measuring some factors underlying employee perceptions of work such as job characteristics, role ambiguity or conflict, job stress, and the extent to which employees believe their values and those of the organization are congruent. All the measures in the book have been used and tested in research studies published in the 1990’s. In addition, all the measures describe the extent and types of reliability and validity tests that have been completed, a feature that organizational researchers should find particularly useful. All in all, this book is a handy tool to increase the efficiency of researchers, consultants, managers, or organizational development specialists in obtaining reliable and valid information about how employees view their jobs and organizations.
Good performance measurement frameworks show taxpayers what they are getting for their money and enable the Government to assess whether it is achieving its key objectives cost-effectively. In its final review of the quality of the data systems used by government departments to measure progress against Public Service Agreements (PSAs), the NAO concludes that the PSA framework provided a clear focus on the objectives that mattered for the then Government, and had gradually improved. The quality of data systems and of disclosures about measurement policies has risen: 58 per cent of PSA data systems, under 2007's Comprehensive Spending Review (CSR07), were fit for purpose, up from 30 per cent under the 2002 Spending Review. The NAO notes, however, that a third of CSR07 systems needed strengthening to improve controls or transparency and 10 per cent of systems were not fit for purpose. PSAs became progressively more focused on key priorities, and more clearly stated however they generally did not make clear the extent to which outcomes were the result of government activity. And financial information has been poorly linked with PSA indicators. The apportionment of annual departmental expenditure was not broken down by the indicators used to report progress and did not facilitate more in-depth analysis of the cost of progress. This hinders strategic decision-making because it is not clear what allocation of available resources could achieve the best overall results. The ability to link financial and performance information is particularly significant at a time when public sector budgets face severe cuts.
Why write this book In the 2000 years that Christianity has had the privilege of having met Jesus and has been given His written word, what have they done with it? Within the boundaries of Christianity, Having been given the “Unity of Spirit” have they been able to transform it into the “Unity of Faith?” Also understanding what Christianity is will hopefully move people closer to a more correct relationship with our Creator. Who should it reach? It is my intent and hopes to mainly reach all Christians who are limited in their understanding of why Christianity is the right way to go and how it’s intended to work. I would also hope that it would entice the inquisitive to take a good look at the value of the Christian faith. Why is this book different? Just about every topic under the sun relevant to our Christian faith has been written about, talked about, taught about and sung about. Even with all of the theological dissertations from early church fathers to today’s creeds and denominational doctrines I have not found a book that simply tells what Christianity is meant to be, the responsibility we have as Christians and the impact our inability to unite in the faith has on the world. Too many of today’s Christians do not have a working knowledge of their religion to the same degree that Islam or Judaism followers do. Maybe this book will help.
Clinicians and those in health sciences are frequently called upon to measure subjective states such as attitudes, feelings, quality of life, educational achievement and aptitude, and learning style in their patients. This fifth edition of Health Measurement Scales enables these groups to both develop scales to measure non-tangible health outcomes, and better evaluate and differentiate between existing tools. Health Measurement Scales is the ultimate guide to developing and validating measurement scales that are to be used in the health sciences. The book covers how the individual items are developed; various biases that can affect responses (e.g. social desirability, yea-saying, framing); various response options; how to select the best items in the set; how to combine them into a scale; and finally how to determine the reliability and validity of the scale. It concludes with a discussion of ethical issues that may be encountered, and guidelines for reporting the results of the scale development process. Appendices include a comprehensive guide to finding existing scales, and a brief introduction to exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, making this book a must-read for any practitioner dealing with this kind of data.
The well-received first edition of the Encyclopedia of Industrial and Organizational Psychology (2007, 2 vols) established itself in the academic library market as a landmark reference that presents a thorough overview of this cross-disciplinary field for students, researchers, and professionals in the areas of psychology, business, management, and human resources. Nearly ten years later, SAGE presents a thorough revision that both updates current entries and expands the overall coverage, adding approximately 200 new articles, expanding from two volumes to four. Examining key themes and topics from within this dynamic and expanding field of psychology, this work offers a truly cross-cultural and global perspective.
Part of the six-volume reference set Wellbeing: A Complete Reference Guide, this volume is a comprehensive look at wellbeing in the workplace at organizational, managerial, and individual levels. Discusses the implications of theory and practice in the field of workplace wellbeing Incorporates not only coverage of workplace stress in relation to wellbeing, but also aspects of positive psychology Explores the role of governments in promoting work place well being Part of the six-volume set Wellbeing: A Complete Reference Guide, which brings together leading research on wellbeing from across the social sciences Topics include work-life balance; coping strategies and characters of individuals; characteristics of workplaces and organizational strategies that are conducive to wellbeing; and many more
Over the past five centuries, advances in Western understanding of and control over the material world have strongly influenced European responses to non-Western peoples and cultures. In Machines as the Measure of Men, Michael Adas explores the ways in which European perceptions of their scientific and technological superiority shaped their interactions with people overseas. Adopting a broad, comparative perspective, he analyzes European responses to the cultures of sub-Saharan Africa, India, and China, cultures that they judged to represent lower levels of material mastery and social organization. Beginning with the early decades of overseas expansion in the sixteenth century, Adas traces the impact of scientific and technological advances on European attitudes toward Asians and Africans and on their policies for dealing with colonized societies. He concentrates on British and French thinking in the nineteenth century, when, he maintains, scientific and technological measures of human worth played a critical role in shaping arguments for the notion of racial supremacy and the "civilizing mission" ideology which were used to justify Europe's domination of the globe. Finally, he examines the reasons why many Europeans grew dissatisfied with and even rejected this gauge of human worth after World War I, and explains why it has remained important to Americans. Showing how the scientific and industrial revolutions contributed to the development of European imperialist ideologies, Machines as the Measure of Men highlights the cultural factors that have nurtured disdain for non-Western accomplishments and value systems. It also indicates how these attitudes, in shaping policies that restricted the diffusion of scientific knowledge, have perpetuated themselves, and contributed significantly to chronic underdevelopment throughout the developing world. Adas's far-reaching and provocative book will be compelling reading for all who are concerned about the history of Western imperialism and its legacies. First published to wide acclaim in 1989, Machines as the Measure of Men is now available in a new edition that features a preface by the author that discusses how subsequent developments in gender and race studies, as well as global technology and politics, enter into conversation with his original arguments.

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