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Since the end of World War II, economists have tried to figure out how poor countries in the tropics could attain higher standards of living. The problem is not the failure of economics, Easterly argues, but the failure to apply economic principles to practical policy work. Illustrations.
This book explores a big puzzle in development economics - why Argentina, despite rich natural resources and ample human capital, has endured such poor growth performance. The authors use rigorous economic analysis and an institutional and historical approach to show what went wrong, in a timely contribution to the sustainable development debate.
This paper assesses how pro-poor and inclusive Asia’s recent growth has been, and what factors have been driving these outcomes. It finds that while poverty has fallen across the region over the last two decades, inequality has increased, dampening the impact of growth on poverty reduction. As a result, relative to other emerging and developing regions and to Asia’s own past, the recent period of growth has been both less inclusive and less pro-poor. Our analysis suggests a number of policies that could help redress these trends and broaden the benefits of growth in Asia. These include fiscal policies to increase spending on health, education, and social safetynets; labor market reforms to boost the labor share of total income; and reforms to make financial systems more inclusive.
Despite its unusually rich availability of natural resources and ample base of human capital, in the last forty years Argentina suffered a poor growth performance in any cross-country comparison. Chudnovsky and López's analysis includes two episodes of growth in 1964-74 and in 1991-98 that proved to be finally unsustainable, as well as the 2001 crisis, the most severe in the country's history. Since both growth episodes took place under quite different development paradigms, the Post-War Development Consensus and Washington Consensus, lessons about what went right and wrong in Argentina contributes to the debate about the virtues and failures of those paradigms. Following mainly an institutional and historical approach, but also employing rigorous economic analysis, this book offers a timely contribution to one of the big puzzles in the field of development economics.
Why has an economy that has done so many things right failed to grow fast? Under-Rewarded Efforts traces Mexico’s disappointing growth to flawed microeconomic policies that have suppressed productivity growth and nullified the expected benefits of the country’s reform efforts. Fast growth will not occur doing more of the same or focusing on issues that may be key bottlenecks to productivity growth elsewhere, but not in Mexico. It will only result from inclusive institutions that effectively protect workers against risks, redistribute towards those in need, and simultaneously align entrepreneurs’ and workers’ incentives to raise productivity.
From one of the world’s best-known development economists—an excoriating attack on the tragic hubris of the West’s efforts to improve the lot of the so-called developing world In his previous book, The Elusive Quest for Growth, William Easterly criticized the utter ineffectiveness of Western organizations to mitigate global poverty, and he was promptly fired by his then-employer, the World Bank. The White Man’s Burden is his widely anticipated counterpunch—a brilliant and blistering indictment of the West’s economic policies for the world’s poor. Sometimes angry, sometimes irreverent, but always clear-eyed and rigorous, Easterly argues that we in the West need to face our own history of ineptitude and draw the proper conclusions, especially at a time when the question of our ability to transplant Western institutions has become one of the most pressing issues we face.
For 700 years, ever since outsiders first wrote about the place, the world has believed there are untold riches to be harvested in China. More recently, with the rise of globalisation, the spread of capitalism, and the growth in its population to 1.3 billion, the belief in China's unparalleled potential has taken on the order of an obsession. During the 90s, China astounded the world with double-digit annual growth rates while attracting over $300 billion in foreign investment. Politicians, economists and business leaders everywhere foresaw in China a market for goods and services to dwarf all others. In this thoroughly researched and engaging book, Joe Studwell provides a provocative analysis of the `China Dream'. He takes to task these predictions of growth - and instead foresees an economic crisis for China in the wake of the foreign-investment gold rush of the last ten years. A crisis that will destroy the hopes of outsiders realising their investment dreams.

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