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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 30. Chapters: Giza Plateau, Great Pyramid of Giza, Great Sphinx of Giza, Giza West Field, Giza Necropolis, Khufu ship, Orion Correlation Theory, Giza East Field, Pyramid of Menkaure, Cemetery GIS, Pyramid of Khafre, Grand Egyptian Museum, Central Field, Giza, Gilf Kebir, Hall of Records, Hemiunu, The Twelve Dreams of the Sun, The Upuaut Project. Excerpt: The Great Sphinx of Giza (Arabic: ?, English: ), commonly referred to as the Sphinx, is a statue of a reclining or couchant sphinx (a mythical creature with a lion's body and a human head) that stands on the Giza Plateau on the west bank of the Nile in Giza, Egypt. It is the largest monolith statue in the world, standing 73.5 metres (241 ft) long, 6 metres (20 ft) wide, and 20.22 m (66.34 ft) high. It is the oldest known monumental sculpture, and is commonly believed to have been built by ancient Egyptians of the Old Kingdom during the reign of the pharaoh Khafra (c. 2558-2532 BC). The Great Sphinx is one of the world's largest and oldest statues, but basic facts about it, such as who was the model for the face, when it was built, and by whom, are still debated. These questions have resulted in the popular idea of the "Riddle of the Sphinx," although this phrase should not be confused with the original Greek legend of the Riddle of the Sphinx. The Great Sphinx in about 1880, partly under the sand The Great Sphinx partially excavated The Sphinx against Khafra's pyramid It is not known by what name the creators called their statue, as the Great Sphinx does not appear in any known inscription of the Old Kingdom, and there are no inscriptions anywhere describing its construction or its original purpose. In the New Kingdom, the Sphinx was called Hor-em-akhet (English: Hellenized: Harmachis), and the pharaoh Thutmose IV (1401-1391 or 1397-1388 BC) specifically referred to it as such...