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The book has been developed in conjunction with NERS 462, a course offered every year to seniors and graduate students in the University of Michigan NERS program. The first half of the book covers the principles of risk analysis, the techniques used to develop and update a reliability data base, the reliability of multi-component systems, Markov methods used to analyze the unavailability of systems with repairs, fault trees and event trees used in probabilistic risk assessments (PRAs), and failure modes of systems. All of this material is general enough that it could be used in non-nuclear applications, although there is an emphasis placed on the analysis of nuclear systems. The second half of the book covers the safety analysis of nuclear energy systems, an analysis of major accidents and incidents that occurred in commercial nuclear plants, applications of PRA techniques to the safety analysis of nuclear power plants (focusing on a major PRA study for five nuclear power plants), practical PRA examples, and emerging techniques in the structure of dynamic event trees and fault trees that can provide a more realistic representation of complex sequences of events. The book concludes with a discussion on passive safety features of advanced nuclear energy systems under development and approaches taken for risk-informed regulations for nuclear plants.
Nuclear Safety is a comprehensive reference for heath & safety and engineering professionals in the nuclear industry and related bodies, including regulatory authorities, environmental and energy scientists, students, researchers and consultants. It provides the methods and data needed to evaluate and manage the safety of nuclear facilities and related processes using risk-based safety analysis, and provides readers with the techniques to assess the consequences of radioactive releases. The book covers relevant international and regional safety criteria (US, IAEA, EUR, PUN, URD, INI). The contents deal with each of the critical components of a nuclear plant, and provide an analysis of the risks arising from a variety of sources, including earthquakes, tornadoes, external impact and human factors. It also deals with the safety of underground nuclear testing and the handling of radioactive waste. . Covers all plant components and potential sources of risk including human, technical and natural factors . Brings together information on nuclear safety for which the reader would previously have to consult many different and expensive sources . Provides international design and safety criteria and an overview of regulatory regimes . Includes case studies and analysis of major accidents with data and calculations on accompanying website Gianni Petrangeli has 40 years of experience in the nuclear industry. He was Director of the Departmental Area for Integrated Systems and New Technologies of ANPA, the Italian Regulatory body responsible for nuclear and industrial safety. He is a consultant to the United Nations Atomic Energy Agency and a researcher for nuclear safety for the European Commission. He lectures on Nuclear and Industrial Safety at the University of Pisa. * Covers all plant components and potential sources of risk including human, technical and natural factors * Brings together information on nuclear safety for which the reader would previously have to consult many different and expensive sources * Provides international design and safety criteria and an overview of regulatory regimes * Includes case studies and analysis of major accidents with data and calculations on accompanying website
The hazards of nuclear power plants and the related nuclear industries are reviewed.
This Safety Guide provides guidance on the collection of evidence and the preparation of documentation to be used to demonstrate the safety and reliability of the software for computer based systems important to safety in nuclear power plants for all phases of the system life-cycle. It recommends how to meet the requirements established in Safety Standards Series No. NS-R-1, The Safety of Nuclear Power Plants: Design (2000).
The book analyses the risks of nuclear power stations. The security concept of reactors is explained. Measures against the spread of radioactivity after a severe accident, accidents of core melting and a possible crash of an air plane on reactor containment are discussed. The book covers three scientific subjects of the safety concepts of Light Water Reactors: – A first part describes the basic safety design concepts of operating German Pressurized Water Reactors and Boiling Water Reactors including accident management measures introduced after the reactor accidents of Three Mile Island and Chernobyl. These safety concepts are also compared with the experiences of the Fukushima accidents. In addition, the safety design concepts of the future modern European Pressurized Water Reactor (EPR) and of the future modern Boiling Water Reactor SWR-1000 (KERENA) are presented. These are based on new safety research results of the past decades. – In a second, part the possible crash of military or heavy commercial air planes on reactor containment is analyzed. It is shown that reactor containments can be designed to resist to such an airplane crash. – In a third part, an online decision system is presented. It allows to analyze the distribution of radioactivity in the atmosphere and to the environment after a severe reactor accident. It provides data for decisions to be taken by authorities for the minimization of radiobiological effects to the population. This book appeals to readers who have an interest in save living conditions and some understanding for physics or engineering.
This Safety Guide provides recommendations to the designers of nuclear power plants for a comprehensive safety assessment in the initial design process and for modifications to the design, as well as recommendations to operating organizations for independent verification of the safety assessment for new nuclear power plants. The guidance can also be applied to safety reviews for existing plants. The methods and recommendations can be used by regulatory bodies for the conduct of the regulatory review and assessment. The Safety Guide recommends how to meet the requirements established in Safety Standards Series No. NS-R-1, The Safety of Nuclear Power Plants: Design (2000). It supersedes Safety Series No. 50-SG-D11 (1986). Guidance is also provided for Contracting Parties to the Convention on Nuclear Safety in meeting their obligations under Article 14, Assessment and Verification of Safety.
Technological and social aspects of industrial safety come under the scrutiny of scientists and engineers from an array of backgrounds. This is the third publication developed from a very fruitful, longstanding cooperation between the Institute of Social Research within the Institute of Nuclear Safety System in Japan, and the Research Center System

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