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This third edition of 'The Trial and Death of Socrates' presents G. M. A. Grube's distinguished translations, as revised by John Cooper for 'Plato, Complete Works'. A number of new or expanded footnotes are also included along with a Select Bibliography. John M. Cooper is Stuart Professor of Philosophy, Princeton University.
Being the Euthyphron, Apology, Crito, and Phaedo of Plato. "This book, which is intended principally for the large and increasing class of readers who wish to learn something of the masterpieces of Greek literature, and who cannot easily read them in Greek. It is not intended to be a general essay on Socrates, but only an attempt to explain and illustrate such points in his life and teaching as are referred to in these dialogues, which, taken by themselves, contain Plato's description of his great master's life, and work, and death.
Thucydides' <I>History of the Peloponnesian War and Plato's <I>Apology represent two influential works of classical Athens. Thucydides' work is widely recognized as an argument for democratic thought. Plato's work, an essential tract in western philosophy, is often accused of being anti-democratic. This book reconstructs a fundamental understanding of the conflict between the political thought and action of Socrates and Athens. It challenges prior commentary on three essential fronts. First, it explores the extent to which imperial ambition and competition subvert Athenian democracy. Second, it explores the extent to which Socrates' labors oppose the ambition and competition inherent in Athenian imperialism. Finally, it explores the extent to which Socratic morality represents a threat to post-restoration Athenian ambition.
The trial of Socrates is one of the most famous trials of all time. He was accused of two acts of impiety: "failing to acknowledge the gods that the city acknowledges" and "introducing new deities." Following the customs of Athenian democracy, he was tried by 501 citizens, found guilty, and sentenced to death by drinking a hemlock-laced liquid. The reasons for this conviction are still unclear. Athens had just regained its democracy after a harsh period of rule by a group of dictators, one of whom was a former student of Socrates. Plato also credits Aristophanes? play The Clouds and Socrates? scathing social criticism as influential in turning the crowd against him. This book contains several important dialogues revolving around the trial and its aftermath. In "The Apology," Plato records Socrates? speech in his own defense at the trial. "Crito" occurs after Socrates? sentencing, when a wealthy friend offers to buy Socrates out of prison. This book also includes the dialogues "Euthyphron" and "Phaedo."

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