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This volume is primarily concerned with the establishment of the University in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries and the development of its studies in the high age of scholasticism, up to the great philosophical debate between William of Ockham and his Mertonian opponents in the fourteenth century. Contributors: R. W. Southern, M. B. Hackett, C. H. Lawrence, J. I. Catto, M. W. Sheehan, J. R. L. Highfield, T. H Aston, R. Faith, J. M. Fletcher, P. O. Lewry, J. A. Weisheipl, J. L. Barton, L. E. Boyle, Jean Dunbabin.
The ancient University of Oxford was established in a medium-sized medieval market town in the late eleventh century and for some six hundred years principally served the needs of the English church. By the mid-nineteenth century, both town and university had been marginalized by the new forces of liberalism, nationalism, and industrialization. Many continental universities, similarly disadvantaged by their location and religious raisons d'être, simplydisappeared in the course of the nineteenth century. Oxford, however, went on to become one of the world's leading centres of research and teaching. This volume traces Oxford's improbable rise from a provincialbackwater to a global colossus. It is a story not of entitlement but of hard work, difficult decisions, and a creative use of limited resources and advantages.
This study surveys how one of the world's major universities has responded to the formidable challenges offered by the 20th century. It presents the reader with insight into many aspects of British life and assesses the influence of the University of Oxford in the world sphere.
Volume VII of The History of the University of Oxford completes the survey of nineteenth-century Oxford begun in Volume VI. After 1871 both teachers and students at Oxford were freed from tests of religious belief. The volume describes the changed mental climate in which some dons sought a new basis for morality, while many undergraduates found a compelling ideal in the ethic of public service both at home and in the empire. The contributors address a wide variety of issues, including women's education, architecture, sport, and scholarship.

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