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This research presents evidence to suggest the importance of considering the influence of changes on rainfall patterns during growing seasons to influence changes in livelihood strategies, even the abandonment of agriculture. The increases in the trends of abandonment of the traditional cash crop in the Municipality as well as migration have continued and intensified since 2003 to 2009. Migration trends in the context of this research reflect an adaptation strategy necessary when important limits have been surpassed in the SES. Evidence of higher needs for diversification from agriculture to beef cattle was present before, but the increased climatic stress had lead to additional expansion and intensification to livestock or forest extractive activities, amplifying the range of diversification necessary to adapt. Nonetheless, important internal (household composition) and external (changes in yields level, policies) factors mediate the adaptive capacity and the trajectories taken by households in the municipality. This research shows model based and empirical evidence of the significant role of climate change on the transition to less agriculturally centered rural livelihoods.